127: 大连张学良研究基金会

Dalian Chang Hsueh-liang Research Foundation

       

 

 

   称: 大连张学良研究基金会

Dalian Chang Hsueh-liang Research Foundation

   长: 于学祥 《Yu Xue-xiang

 原大连市委书记,人大主任

The former secretary of Dalian Municipal People's Congress      Director                              

副会 长: 方军 《Fang Jun》

 原大连市政协副主席

 《Former vice chairman of the CPPCC in dalian》

名誉会长: 张书惠《ZhangShuHui》

秘书  长: 刘春盛《LiuChunCheng》

  原海军政治学院党史教研室主任

  <The navy political college of history>

成立地点: 中国大连《Dalian, China》

成立日期: 1997.1.15《1.15.1997》

领导机构: 大连政协

          《Dalian political consultative conference》

 

  

     刘春盛

《LiuChunCheng》

  

         刘春盛

 《LiuChunCheng》

 

 

宗    旨: 通过对张学良的研究,深刻认识到爱国统一战线,对加强中国现代化建设的 重大意义,同时对张学良的研究使人们认识张学良先生的历史功绩,并发扬光大,继承他的爱国者的光辉思想。

    Aim:   to study the chang, through deep understanding to the patriotic united front to strengthen China's modernization is of great significance to the study, at the same time, make people know chang, Mr. Chang's historical merit and carry forward the patriot, inherited his glorious thought.

 

   

刘春盛秘书长:

     中国海军政治学院原党史教研室主任

     Chinese navy political college of the party

     著有(毛泽东·邓小平·江泽民与中国共产党的建设)

          (MAO zedong, deng xiaoping, jiang zemin and construction of CPC)

      (爱国统一战线与中国现代化) 

       (the patriotic united front and Chinese modernization)                 

      (历史的结论与现实的道路)等著作。

       (The conclusions and the reality (the history of road), etc.

 
 

 

 

                                                                                         

 

               

 

 

    张学良1901生,字汉卿,辽宁省海城人,一级陆军上将,长城抗战时为陆海空副总司令,北平军分会代理委员长。张学良的父亲为东北军领袖张作霖。张作霖为了培养儿子将来承位,光宗耀祖,在张学良很小时,就聘请专人教他文化和科技知识。1918年张学良17岁,即被任命为卫队旅营长,以后又送他进东北讲武堂学习军事。1920年,19岁的张学良晋升为少将旅长,以后又兼任了航空学校校长,筹划建立了空军和海军,严格选拔和训练各种人才,为东北军的振兴打下了基础。在1924年的第二次直奉战争中,他以第三军军长的身分,率部一直打到了天津。1928年,蒋、冯、阎、桂联合北伐,张学良以京汉线总指挥身分率军与之对抗,结果连遭失败,张作霖只好下令撤退。64日当张作霖乘坐的专列行驶到沈阳皇姑屯时,被日军炸弹炸毁,张作霖受伤身亡。张学良就任东三省保安司令,他不顾日本的威胁利诱,为了维护祖国统一,毅然决定易帜,接受南京政府的领导,随后南京国民政府任命张学良为东北边防军司令官。19305月,蒋、冯、阎的中原大战爆发,两派都派人联络张学良,张学良权衡再三,出兵帮助蒋介石打败了冯、阎联军,蒋封张学良为陆海空副总司令,并把华北大权交给他。1931·一八事变发生后,东北沦丧,华北受侵,张学良根据蒋介石的电令节节败退,替蒋介石背了不抵抗的罪名。蒋介石为了平息全国民众的怨情,逼张学良引咎自辞,张学良只得于1933311日通电下野,出国去疗养,蒋介石安排何应钦接替了张学良北平军分会代委员长的职务。19341月张学良被蒋介石从国外召回,先后任他为鄂豫皖三省剿总副司令,西北剿总副司令,代理总司令职务。19361212日,张学良与西北军将领杨虎城发动了震惊中外的西安事变,扣留了蒋介石逼他答应抗日。在中国共产党的帮助下,西安事变得以和平解决。但张学良送蒋介石回南京后,却被秘密软禁起采,由大陆到台湾,几十年失去了自由,他眷恋 世界,晚年居留在美国夏威夷,直至逝世。

   Chang, HanQing word, 1901, level of haicheng in liaoning province, the general of the army for war, deputy commander military land branch committee agent beiping. Chang's father is limited ZhangZuoLin leader. In order to develop in the future ZhangZuoLin son, uphold the pile in chang is just hours, culture and technology specialist taught him knowledge. In 1918, chang, 17, and was named after a battalion commander, guard brigade sent him into the northeast JiangWu hall learning military. In 1920, the 19-year-old chang promotion for the general brigade major, and concurrently the school principal airlines, planning, established the air force and navy strict selection and training of talents, the revitalization of limited to lay the foundation. In 1924, the second straight in war, in his third soldier soldier has long identity, came to tianjin. In 1928, Chiang, feng, yan, combined with Beijing northern chang, director of line of identity with the result, even by the failure to retreat, ZhangZuoLin ordered. On June 4, ZhangZuoLin when the train ride along to shenyang huanggu tuen mun, the Japanese bombs, ZhangZuoLin wounded died. Chang, as commander of the three northeastern provinces in spite of his security threat of Japan, in order to safeguard the unity of the motherland parolenor sensuality, nanjing government authorities, accept the leadership, then the nanjing national government appointed commander in the northeast BianFangJun chang. In 1930, Chiang, may the von, yan central war erupted, both parties are sent to contact, chang weigh twice, chang troops of Chiang kai-shek help beat feng, yan, jiang chang sealing for the land, and the deputy commander power to his north. In 1931 Mukden incident occurs, northeast China, by Chiang kai-shek, chang according to the prevailing in desperation, Chiang kai-shek was not resist back. In order to appease the Chiang kai-shek, forcing the blame chang, chang had to resign from in 1933, March 11, electricity, going abroad to recuperate HeYingQin replaced chang Chiang kai-shek arrangements for chairman of club beiping army. January 1934 chang by Chiang kai-shek from abroad, he recalls successivelyare appointed for yu-wan-su three provinces "suppression" deputy commander, northwest "suppression" deputy commander, acting commander. In 1936, December 12, chang and XiBeiJun generals YangHuCheng launched the Sian incident, detained him to Chiang kai-shek. Under the help of the communist party of China peaceful settlement of the Sian incident, may. But he sent back to nanjing, Chiang kai-shek was a secret from mainland China since under house arrest, Taiwan, for decades to lose the freedom, he did in the world, the love in Hawaii, residence until death.

 

 

 

 

                                                                                

 

 

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